在过去的2012年里,情况是在亚太地区是暗流,矛盾不断,其中,美国战略重点转向东方,钓鱼岛南海问题的纷争,特别注意成为世界三大问题。美国“再平衡”战略的势头强劲,在这种背景下,日本,菲律宾和其他国家“心领神会,等待,分别在钓鱼岛,南中国海问题挑战中国的主权。站在新年的门槛,回顾2012年,展望未来,亚太形势将展示如何改变?9月14日,中国HaiJian 15船抵达钓鱼岛海域。大约在6在那一天,中国HaiJian五十、15、26、27船和中国HaiJian 51 66船由两个权利巡航的形成,到达钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿的海域,钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿附近海域权利巡航执法。这是我们的国家政政宣布,政政的中华人民共和国钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿领海基线的宣言,首次在中国HaiJian钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿海域权利保护执法、邮轮通过权利巡航执法行动,反映了我们的政政,钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿,保持管辖海洋权益和利益。新华社ZhangJianSong亚太形势:调节纠纷在亚太地区合作的经济和政治模式在2012年经历了深刻的变化,同时全球政治、经济、外交和安安模式带来的长期影响。在整个地区,和平、繁荣、合作仍然是发展的主流,但许多国家和地区的调整国内和外交事务,亚太地区在各种各样的情况变得复杂和不确定的放大。和日本有关领土争端涉及的背后大多战后历史遗留问题和日本的历史问题。日本社会YouQingHua,对电后的挑战的国际秩序的愿望的主要来源,激活。如果东北的岛屿争端主要涉及历史和民族主义“内源性”因素,发生在南中国海地区领土摩擦是用水域”部队“火上加油,个别国家“XieYangZiChong“影子。许多观察人士指出,南中国海周边个别国家跋扈和美国政政所谓的“亚洲平衡”的新战略。因为亚洲已成为世界经济增长的中心,地缘政治和维护全球领先地位”的战略考虑,巴拉克·奥巴马在他的第二个任期将在军事、经济、外交和其他方面加强“亚洲平衡“战略力量。但是,正如波士顿大学政治科学教授罗伯特·罗斯在较新一期的美国《外交》杂志称,奥巴马政政KanWen亚洲“支持”策略并没有促进亚洲的稳定和适得其反。亚洲的战略的紧张局势,可能导致冲突。华盛顿应该重建他们的亚洲政策,避免参与该地区复杂的主权争议上诉。中国需要摆脱亚太地区中国战争险中面临的一个重大挑战,亚太地区是战争冲突的风险,风险正在上升,如果你使用一个“战争指数”来衡量,我认为亚洲“战争指数”现在较高。亚太地区观察新形势下,我们应该把背景变化作为一个因素来理解。在全球范围,权力转移加剧,亚洲在矛盾日益集中。如果我们现在说的领土争端可能导致当地的战争的话,我认为亚洲出现这种战争的可能性正在增加。现在的地缘政治模式重组不再是前殖民式捕获的领土,但更多的是海洋资源、交通动脉,重要的海岸渠道。9月3日到4日,美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿访问印度尼西亚,当地民众抗议由印度尼西亚。4月25日,菲律宾和美国海军陆战队持有“肩并肩地联合战争游戏”,主要内容是“两栖登陆实践”。人们的视觉= = = = = =从“返回”到“战略平衡“= = = = = = "亚洲平衡策略”的内涵已经清楚奥巴马连任的政策以及关系中国和美国之间的关系,是“亚洲的再平衡战略”的关键问题。一位不愿透露姓名的美国国务院官员告诉记者,美国对华政策,已成为一个外交、经济和贸易和安安及其他领域的“首要的问题”,而中国和亚洲有关政政部门权力得得了“前所未有”的增强。在较好个任期内,奥巴马政政通过一系列的外交和军事部署,已经完全清楚“亚洲再平衡战略”的内容:加强美国和亚洲盟友如日本、韩国、菲律宾和其他国家的安安联盟;加强军事部署在亚太地区,美国国防部长帕内塔多个清楚地表明,美国将在未来十年60%的海军装备部署在太平洋,在该地区持有更多的军事演习;钩在东南亚、南亚国家,如印度、缅甸等,扩大其在亚洲的伙伴关系,以增强其在亚洲的存在;加强多边经济体系的建设,如亚太经济合作组织和代表“下一代的自由贸易,”“跨太平洋战略伙伴关系”,与中国打交道的竞争和合作关系。详细的“重新平衡”影响稳定在2012年,美国总统奥巴马、国务卿希拉里·克林顿,国防部长帕内塔和其他美国高级官员每个访问亚洲,将会被贴上回到标签。和美国领导人访问期间每次说话,给人以横幅的感觉,似乎是一个笑话针对中国。美国在南中国海的声音一次又一次,目的是为了保护它的主导作用在地区安安。希拉里。克林顿在2012年三次访问亚洲,每次都是南中国海争端,外国援助,或问题,如演讲是呼吁“东盟国家团结”,或者是提醒一些东盟国家“警戒那些只对矿业资源捐助国更感兴趣”。美国高级官员多次提到南海航行自由和安安。英国金融时报评论说:“希拉里的亚洲之行烙上了深深的中国邮票,她出版了完全根据中国的言论,但是没有什么“中国”这个词。“美国也缅甸改革作为一个波“民主和自由”的横幅来实现这个想法的机会。今年,奥巴马成为较好位美国总统访问缅甸。从表面上看,他是支持改革。实际上,他就像美国的民主“指导”。今年年初以来,美国和亚太地区也增加了强度的锻炼,目标为导向的盟友也越来越明显。4月,菲律宾举行“两栖”实践,实践课程为“重新占领了岛”。美铁举行了第三个双边战略对话,同意继续增加在菲律宾旋转驻军的美国船只、飞机和军队。美国的“再平衡”的战略已经让该集团感到不平衡。美国的一些中国话说,行动,使地区安安环境和情况和问题变得更加复杂。今年7月,东盟外长将不会达到一个联合声明中,和个人东盟国家“突破”东盟的共同立场,试图在南中国海“绑架”对各国的实践。但在这,显然有美国的支持。美国官员说,亚太平衡策略形成了2020年的想法”的战略平衡“敢”斗群众“6月2日,美国国防部长帕内塔在香格里拉对话在新加坡发表演讲。新华社的头发(DengZhiHui扰动)= = = = = =如何看到美国的战略调整= = = = = =一个理性的观点美”亚太平衡”的战略重点中国新的挑战和一个负面影响是严重的,但是实际的效用和有限的影响。所以我们都应该警惕,并妥善处理,也应当客观、理性的观点,不要夸大他们的东西,更不应该是一个极度的紧张状态。美国使所谓的“战略平衡的“主要是一种预防和威慑姿态,而不是视中国为敌人,故意反对中国。不要碰这个中国的核心利益底线,避免和中国有积极影响,维护亚太地区的和平与稳定,仍然是主要的利益和重大政策取向。此外,美国在亚洲是很难“窗帘”与中国打交道。中国的长期实践”和相邻的是好的”、“邻居”区域政策。特别是中国是大多数国家的主要经济和贸易伙伴和较大的出口对象,他们为自己的国家利益,中国只会坚持友好,不希望也不会充当美国对华战略”国际象棋”和“升级”。同时,美国一项新的战略重心是并不是所有的负面,如加强美日联盟是遏制中国的一面,也防止日本发展核武器和军事化的角色。美国将亚洲作为“出口倍增”战略关键目标,将更加关注和加强与亚洲较大的经济体中国的交流与合作,促进良好的中美关系的发展。因此,尽管美国战略对东亚太平洋,但两国关系和美国不会逆转。中国的周边环境及国际环境机遇大于挑战基本情况没有改变,中国的战略机遇期继续。回到美国在亚太地区,实际上很害羞的债务危机的影响下,未来十年,美国的国防支出了4870亿美元。陆军,海军将减少,一些海外军事基地将被关闭。确实,美国国防部计划,到2020年,美国海军将把它在太平洋和大西洋的军队部署的比例,从今天的五十超过五十,变化是60比四十。但当美国的军事力量在全球范围内减少小时,其部署在亚太地区的绝对数量的海军将没有明显的增长。美国国防部官员说,自1990年代以来,世界在同一时间”赢得两场战争”已经被一个国家战略制定者深信条,现在美国国家安安战略目标减少到赢得战争和“同时在另一个可能是一个冲突在玩“干涉失败”潜在敌人的行动”。它表明,新的战略从本质上说,是战略的攻击为了捍卫。所以东南亚国家如何看美国“重回亚洲”吗?较近一些学者指出,新加坡,东南亚国家外国国家不存在幻想,他们“看到被用来“权力在这个区域的入口和出口,比如在英国的开始。和他们都看到中国在该地区的影响力扩大和“美国实力相对下降”。简而言之,咄咄逼人的重返亚洲战略某种虚张声势,中国应该注意不仅,也应该是泰然处之。与美国在亚太地区,而不是中国的目的,“太平洋大到足以容纳美国和中国”。为了这个国家和人民的福利,两国应该共同工作。美”重返亚太”不能中断中国的战略机遇期,“亚太平衡“有针对性的中国企业,或者在中国为中心实现全面的布局,不完全符合现实,但事实上美国也很难做“仅供中国”。亚太地区是21世纪的世界经济发展的希望。除了中国和印度的崛起和东盟的复兴在亚太地区,发展本身使俄罗斯北部南、澳大利亚、印度、甚至欧盟还往东边来增加投资,但想要建立在上升的表达。在此背景下,美国将关注这一领域又一次,是由于时代的潮流。此外,亚太地区经济一体化在过去的十年里像熊熊大火,中国、日本和韩国的自由贸易,建造一个临界点在亚太经济与中国网络为中心,美国有一个巨大的出来的感觉,总想参加。上面的每个因素涉及中国因素,从这个意义上说,“再平衡”是真的”在中国,正因为如此,中国较大的感到压力。但据了解的是简单的对“中国”完全是中国的开始全面检查策略,也有偏见的怀疑。因为,“亚太平衡”战略是综合因素导致了共同的结果,中国因素可能超过60%,但并非是100%。“亚太平衡”战略,没有不能完全中断中国的战略机遇期。该地区的结构的决定,美国的优势是地区安安,中国区域经济优势,在短期内这种二进制模式很难改变。这决定了有关国家在亚太地区的“安安与美,经济上的“选择无法轻易改变。尽管“重新平衡”战略咄咄逼人,但中国北方内陆中国和俄罗斯的关系,在东南沿海的两岸关系在较好的时期,在中国历史之间的关系,邻近的大多数国家没有因为大海,和恶化的主权争议,仍然保持稳定发展势头。中国是几乎所有的东亚国家的首要贸易伙伴,除了菲律宾和美国盟友的四个较大的贸易伙伴,基本模式的短期内不会改变。中国的崛起是时代的潮流,在发展的关键阶段面临的崛起问题和安安困境是不可避免的。中国应该继续练习技巧,深化改革,保持和扩大经济优势,充分利用地理和文化优势,形成优势转换。这是解决目前的挑战亚太战略基础。详细的亚太地区“局”的手在美国,“潜在”在中方美丽“重新平衡”害怕很难在未来中国不会进入绝对较好9月14日,中国HaiJian和船抵达钓鱼岛海域。大约在6在那一天,中国HaiJian五十、15、26、27船和中国HaiJian 51 66船由两个权利巡航的形成,到达钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿的海域,钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿附近海域权利巡航执法。这是我们的国家政政宣布,政政的中华人民共和国钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿领海基线的宣言,首次在中国HaiJian钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿海域权利保护执法、邮轮通过权利巡航执法行动,反映了我们的政政,钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿,保持管辖海洋权益和利益。新华社ZhangJianSong = = = = = =中日关系:较终钓鱼岛= = = = = = YeTian小偷逻辑和谎言中国钓鱼岛主权的历史精卫清晰而连贯的、法律基础与另一个所有。相比之下,日本小的手,而不是所谓的证据,因为渔网,充满了漏洞。日本的所谓逻辑出发,净线作为撕裂它off.YeTian说,钓鱼岛“国有化”是“稳定管理”、“毕竟只是(国家到国家)问题的所有权转让,我们已多次向中国政政进行了说明,但是中国政政仍然不能理解我们”。YeTian和它的政政和一些政治力量是“丰富的理解掩饰”。日本被盗偷左手下来右手,项目的真真的主人,为了“更好的储存物品”,这听起来很“善解人意,在别人的鞋子”。事实上,数十年来,日本煞费苦心,使用各种技巧,包括“私有化”、“租赁”、“买”、“国有化”等,认为这些模式上与日本国内法律的标签,多次易手,加上各种“安安措施”,你可以像洗钱的战利品“漂白”,较后停留在他们的口袋。遗憾的是,权力是绝对,自欺技巧不可能成功的。美”东西软硬“重回亚洲太平洋日本调整海洋战略在面对美国“返回”战略的新特性,日本透露调整其海军战略的迹象。主要表现在以下几个方面:较好,坚持这个军事联盟的基础上强调,日本部分地区的安安问题。对于较终的军事支持日本的“安安下行”战略,伟大的努力,美国国会密切,参议员集团推出了“游说”的工作,促进美参议院的法案在钓鱼岛。然而,在美国,“安安安安的赌注”尚未完全的手,日本部分的政治力量把中国船只在琉球群岛的中间移动的海洋,并尝试修改集体自卫。其次,钓鱼岛问题和其他地区争端解决“升级改变”和“扩大”。对钓鱼岛作为一个例子,在美国,而日本的鼓动下两组政治权力的争端解决升级反过来达成共识。一方面自民党迅速安倍晋三说转移民兵船武装海大厅,另一方面,日本首相野田贾庆林“海军飞机命令我HaiJian飞机停止。这一系列的行动意在使海事安安局民兵变化,变化喷码机,将呈现民兵国防军钓鱼岛海与反对派和反对派。第三,在南海问题上实现日美“舆论结”,南海的共同的声音线路反对中国。By the sustained economic recession influence, financial, starved of the United States is to draw the Japanese such great ally together to "deal with" the south China sea dispute in the field of regional security problem, thus, understand tacitly Japanese gradually with the "south China sea freedom of navigation" as a pet phrase.For the south China sea with the countries outside of the United States and Japan not only hope to take this question to the south China sea sound line the common manufacturing south China sea issue "internationalization" situation, and attempt to attract the diaoyu islands to China on the question of the attention.The United States has the diaoyu islands on the question of the fuzzy policy America was in the diaoyu islands issue take fuzzy policy, the purpose is to want to leave room for manoeuvre between Japan and China, different time and occasion to use different words, said the dispute control east Asia international relations in the asia-pacific region, grasp the strategic issue.This kind of fuzzy policy also make beauty received certain effect, happened in 2010 "a collision events", make Democratic Party of Japan rocking Asian policy began to the back swing, the japan-american alliance and became Japan only strategy options;This year's "purchase island" farce and for the United States in PuTianJian base deployment "fish hawk aircraft" cleared the way, make its return to the asia-pacific strategy with the integration.Can say, in the diaoyu island question left a fuzzy space, obviously to the United States to mediator position in east Asia affairs keep say, sometimes fighting, and sometimes play a mediator for American asia-pacific policy service.Detailed the United States to return to the asia-pacific strategy of Japanese character issue of the article: Japan in the diaoyu islands on issues of five big misunderstanding on December 17,, swift, shinzo Abe, Japan's liberal Democratic Party in Tokyo to attend the LDP headquarters after winning the election of the first interviews.The house of representatives has just won the general election in Japan's liberal Democratic Party renders, shinzo Abe, 17, said in Tokyo, as prime minister will make great efforts to improve the japan-china relations.The xinhua news agency hair (GuanXian ichiro perturbation) Abe its relationship with China facing a big exam "east Asia are welcomed a tension and against era."The guardian, a British newspaper, 17 to make so pessimistic predictions are based on: Japan's liberal Democratic Party in the house of representatives election victory, "conservative hawk" shinzo Abe will again become Japan's prime minister.On the outside looking in, processing of its relationship with China and get rid of the economic downturn, is the most pressing problems facing times, while the former influence to the world is bigger.Mr Abe I don't spare his own strong, elected in after the first day of the news conference "to China warned" : "Japan in international law has pointed pavilion islands (namely China diaoyu island and its subsidiary island editor's note)... no negotiation room!"Relations between China and Japan will with Abe's "regression" worse?The world public opinion field worry voice a lot, South Korea in the east Asia daily said in an editorial, Mr Abe win means militaristic "regression", if Mr Abe design blueprint, Japan is likely to become the "monster".But there are also analyzed that, Japan's economic predicament and mass huge sino-japanese trade may be overbearing Abe's "internal heat".Chinese foreign ministry spokesman 17 said it would "high concern the development direction of Japan"."No matter what attitude Abe to China, China is no need to worry. China to Japan's strategic advantage is more and more obvious, the worry is Japan, rather than China.The diaoyu island question dispute from bad into good diaoyu islands problems actually have the United States behind the control.The United States hopes that the diaoyu island question between the fight for the better, the more intense for the longer, the greater the contradiction, the better for the United States.But the United States as long as the struggle between, don't fight, fight the United States could get out of control.The Chinese government leaders to improve relations, can be said to be dedicated, and spent a lot of energy.China's President hu jintao is in apec meeting of YeTian about four aspects, to Japan correct mistakes, make a fresh start, to maintain the friendship between China and Japan's track.I think, hu jintao's speech and is the rarest thing, because the sino-japanese relations and diaoyu islands by comparison, one is the overall situation, is a local, maintain friendly relations between China and Japan is very important.But YeTian couldn't understand.YeTian in the diaoyu islands issue trailing, is bad, is a good thing.It gives us a lesson on patriotism educational curricula, enabled us to diaoyu island problem seriously rise, but also make us realize that make common development, or emotional person, is a wrong signal, is to eat a lot of a deficit.We should adjust our strategy.We have announced the baselines of the territorial sea, we define the scope of the territorial sea, a legal safeguard, guard our territorial waters is lawful, normalization.If Japan want to use the force of provocation, the sino-japanese relations push to the edge of the war, we should use of military force to solve the problem.Through the force to win the peace environment have precedent, is an effective choice.Xinhua review: improve the relations between China and Japan Japan must have the sincerity and action in the house of representatives, shinzo Abe, Japan's liberal Democratic Party President election victory is to take the post of prime minister, said the japan-china relations, is Japan's most important diplomatic relations, he served as one of the prime minister will try to make relations between the two countries back to normal track.However, improve the sino-japanese relations, not only on the empty stance, Japan must take out the sincerity and action, to create the necessary conditions.Take out the sincerity and action, Japan must first give up in the diaoyu islands on the question of the fantasy.Abe said diaoyu islands problem "there is no room for negotiation," but he shall see, diaoyu island and its subsidiary island since ancient times is China's inherent territory, China has indisputable sovereignty over this.The current sino-japanese relations nervous, entirely by the Japanese government to diaoyu islands to unilaterally the so-called "nationalization" start, responsibility completely in Japan.Currently, the diaoyu island question is not already into a blind alley, the Chinese did not close dialogue communication channel, the two countries in the history had shelve controversial precedent.If Japan can use regime change of the machine, the transformation in the diaoyu islands on the question of the wrong position, and the Chinese counter and do not continue to be published facts, irresponsible remarks, then sino-japanese relations still have the hope of order.Shinzo Abe claimed not diaoyu islands problem was a mm Abe quasi postponed to diaoyu islands send civil servants to consider China sent envoy on June 25,, in the Philippines northern subic bay port, U.S. soldiers stood in "louisville, top nuclear submarine.Philippine military 25 announced that the United States "louisville, the submarine to duffy northern subic bay port" routine access ".The xinhua news agency/al = = = = = = = = = = the south China sea = = 4 asked the Philippines: frequently in the south China sea trailing intent in the past two years, around the south China sea issue, FeiFang leaders and foreign ministers from asean foreign ministers will make to the asean regional BBS and east Asian foreign minister series will, again make to east Asian leaders series will and Eurasian summit, pattern, petty action continuously.Especially in asean foreign ministers will be this year due to the Philippines aggravating, the asean foreign ministers will be 45 years had failed to issued a joint communique.Now, the Philippines and south China sea to piece together the sound line kingdom "four party meeting".We can not help but ask: FeiFang intent?Clearly is the Philippines in the south China sea trailing, China was forced to counter, but FeiFang but talk about "the situation in the south China sea to regional stability and security has been a threat," pour a dozen one rake, never bite.Seems the Philippines became threatened party, not threat source.Clearly is the Philippines to south China sea islands and exclusive economic zone of the sound line lack of historical facts and legal basis for support, the modern law of the sea and the generally accepted principles of international law out of context, but FeiFang but keep on saying according to international law, the south China sea dispute processing to confuse international audio-visual.Clearly is the Philippines for manufacturing division, media issues, sharpened contradictions, destroy asean unity, but FeiFang but accused those who advocate from asean overall interests and regional cooperation deal with the general situation of the south China sea issue state damage the asean "credibility" and "authority".We can not help but ask: FeiFang make sense?In HuangYanDao situation of continuous fermentation, aquino that many times to improve its relationship with China.Even if in recent months, FeiFang senior officials have repeatedly said the Philippines welcome to improve relations between the two countries.Words spoken not long ago, FeiFang continued in the south China sea issue manufacturing contradictions.This year is the conduct of parties in the south declaration signed 10 anniversary of the declaration express "parties promised to keep self-control, don't take that dispute complication, broaden the scope and influence the peace and stability of the action".The Philippines even this one didn't do it, let alone to promote make south China sea code of conduct.The United States is how to in east Asia "set of ShiBan" Hillary and a number of U.S. diplomats are very busy, nearly four years coming out, promote its "qiao power diplomacy", carrying out "strategy to balance".Especially in east Asia, whether in between Japan and China, or in the south China sea issue, is the United States to lure provocation, set to ShiBan, aggravating.The so-called "qiao power diplomacy", is the United States in its international influence compared with the advantage of emerging powers relative to atrophy, think its hegemony status by certain challenges background, intended to through the "offshore balance" means, dare area countries disputes and contradictions, in order to consolidate its position purpose.So, the United States in east Asia is how big double-dealing?Its practice will eventually be able to get their way or shoot their own feet?The south China sea dispute: the Philippines printing ceiling American's back behind the south China sea issue, always shining with the shadow of the United States.United States has been all hope by Vietnam and the Philippines in the other south east Asia countries to promote together with the Chinese talk about south China sea issue, will China and individual country's territory, complicated international.On August 14,, the United States urged asean and China again as soon as possible, the formulation of the south China sea code of conduct "and claimed that should not be in the south China sea to adopt a" divide and conquer "strategy.Have analyzed that, the so-called "divide and rule" means China promotes bilateral solve the south China sea dispute mechanism.The United States and this statement may be according to the Chinese foreign minister Yang jiechi to Indonesia, brunei and Malaysia three of the asean country's official visit.Visit on south China sea issue that all parties shall work together, comprehensive, effective implement of the conduct of parties in the south declaration, and in accordance with the provisions of the declaration of principles and spirit, on the basis of the agreement in the formulation of the south China sea code of conduct "and work hard, and the declaration of an important principle is directly related to the sovereign state negotiations to resolve the dispute.It also shows that the south China sea to promote peace, stability and development in China and asean countries, and the fundamental interests of the United States that dare to hard to work.Beauty's defense ministry officials said before beauty do not encourage the Philippines provocation Chinese historical data record, in the late han dynasty, the Chinese people in the south sea islands is found, and the south China sea have a preliminary understanding.The graph is China's xisha yongxing island corner.The United States in south China sea issue to contain and consumption China although the United States says not to contain China, although it said to return to the asia-pacific is to the regional peace, in fact the United States to contain China's situation is very strong.The United States to contain China is basically a kind of American strategic situation, it to complete the strategic situation of BuShi.Of course in the complete process is too anxious, may have the reasons, there may be anxious factors, but if you think that the United States this kind of behavior is only reflect a kind of strategic anxiety is wrong, it is actually the United States after a long consideration, calm, in an orderly way, the BuShi to China caused by consumption, for China caused by containment, limiting the development of China to stop the rise of China, it also can't say the United States strategic anxiety, should belong to the United States strategic arrangement.And is not the arrangement of the eyes, the arrangement of the medium and long term.Not only Obama President, barack Obama President of the United States after the President will take such behavior.For this, we should make full preparations.South China sea islands sovereignty the formation and the origin of the south China sea issue in the south China sea islands sovereignty, the Chinese people in the long historical development process, through the discovery, the first name, the first business development, and by the Chinese government to exercise continuous administrative jurisdiction on the basis of the gradually formed.This development process are fully, solid historical basis, the international community is also long to admit.According to historical records, the most late in the han dynasty, the people's first discovered in China south sea islands of the south China sea, and have a preliminary understanding.Eastern han dynasty YangFu the foreign body record "load:" a sea battery head, water shallow and magnet, pay the big boat, Gu to iron leaves, value of drawing.Three kingdoms period WanZhen the south state foreign body record, record from the Malay peninsula to China voyage, its load: "the northeast line, great battery head, a rise in the sea, shallow and magnet."The two accounts of the historical data is very consistent, which said "battery head" is our country the reef island and shallow called;"A sea", that is, to the south China sea in ancient China the earliest appellation;"A sea battery head" refers to the south China sea islands of the reef.From YangFu and WanZhen records show that, at least in the eastern han dynasty period, the Chinese people not only found and named the south China sea, and has initially grasp the basic characteristics of the south China sea.China's early history on "a sea" record frequently appear, sure, "a sea" general term in the south China sea at that time has been widely accepted and used.Sui and tang dynasties to two generations, "JiaoShiShan", "like stone", "seven states foreign" the emergence of place names, more show that Chinese people in the south China sea production and operating activities of range has been far to the xisha islands.To the song dynasty, beginning to changshan, changsha, and other special name that clear south sea islands.Shi tang and ShiTang, li shi tang and the shitang;Changsha and li changsha, the changsha, the causeway.The research, historical records contained in "changsha" mostly refers to this xisha islands, and "shi tang" mostly refers to this the nansha islands.The song dynasty south sea islands will be included in the scope of "Joan tube", namely "li changsha", "the shitang" belongs to the south west road was widely qiongzhou in the scope of jurisdiction, it marks the south China sea islands into Chinese territory has emerged.To the Ming and qing dynasties, the central government will continue to south sea islands clear included the Chinese territory and in guangdong qiongzhou house under the effective wanzhou, exercise jurisdiction.On December 16,, is located in Tokyo, Japan in the dominance of the liberal Democratic Party headquarters, LDP shinzo Abe to election published feeling.The xinhua news agency MaPingShe = = = = = = the outlook for the 2013 asia-pacific situation = = = = = = 2013 years, the situation how to look at the island, and strife, and divisions, the north Korean nuclear issue, the United States to enhance the political and military presence...All this makes 2012 years of the asia-pacific region stirring.The development of China and the asia-pacific region is closely related to the situation of the.In 2013, the situation in the Asia Pacific region will be how?Is this problem, the xinhua news agency international observation "column and lays the total branch President MengJun all the dialogue.International observation ": do you think the asia-pacific region in 2013 in political security domain the most possible significant change is what?All MengJun: the first significant changes may be a relationship between north and South Korea.South Korean President lee myung-bak ruling period, north Korea as relationship.The new elected South Korea's President has piao hui said it will "promote the unity" as foreign and security policy core, intends to meet with north Korea's leader, through substantive dialogue ease tensions.At present, north and South Korea in the New Year is expected to start dialogue, so that the peninsula to ease the situation, make to restart the six-party talks become possible.Have a significant change may be the Japanese political wind speed turn right.Newly elected Japan's liberal Democratic Party leaders, as prime minister shinzo Abe said to the disputed islands "Japan all" that "without what good talk".He not only to oneself in the last as prime minister without can visit to the yasukuni war shrine said "very sorry", also want to modify peace constitution, will militia upgraded to "axis", allowed to exercise "collective self-defense".If Mr Abe if these comments into action, then turn right, Japan will make east Asia into "nervous against age".International observation ": many of the problems facing the United States behind the figure, such as the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula, the diaoyu island and south China sea issue, etc.How do you think the United States in 2012 in this area did, next year the United States in the region will continue to strengthen its political and military presence?All MengJun: in 2012, the United States desalination "return to the" view, more mentioned "Asian rebalance" strategy, in fact mutton dressed as lamb.The United States to safety, economy and values for the fulcrum, borrow international institutions platform, multilateral diplomacy, and continue to develop, in order to seek in the asia-pacific geopolitical advantage.Not only to the U.S. now often carry out joint war games, but also to Australia's northern stationed troops.The United States is and the south China sea issue to the internationalization of the Philippines go more and more close, and lose no time to and it reach defence cooperation intention through the new agreement, the so-called "take turns stationed" form in the Philippines to garrison.The United States these moves inevitably will intensify the asia-pacific countries tensions.In addition to strengthen the military presence, the United States still focus on the politically hook in the asia-pacific countries.Japan's liberal Democratic Party won the election, Obama active call Mr Abe, emphasize "strengthen the United States Japan alliance is very important".The United States to cancel the Burma part of sanctions, Obama also became the first visit to Burma in the President of the United States, its purpose is very clear, is to take this in the implementation of the American democratic model and values.It can be predicted that in 2013, the United States in the asia-pacific region's political and military action may continue to increase.International observation ": then talk about the economy, economic development has been the highlight of the asia-pacific region, how do you see the movements of the next year?All MengJun: Asia Pacific economic is full of vigor and vitality, the overall situation value, China's leading role will still obvious, asean's development will also keep good momentum.Economists predict, in 2013 China's economic growth will reach 8.2%, India's economic growth will be 6.8%.The asia-pacific region economy as a whole will increase by 6.3%, compared with 5.6% in 2012.Therefore, the developing countries in the asia-pacific region will still be the main driving force of the world economy.International observation ": if there are some worrying?All MengJun: in the era of economic globalization, the various countries' economy are closely linked.If the eurozone economy and debt crisis further deterioration, but also for the asia-pacific economic risks.Japan's current economic recovery is still difficult, plus Abe favor more loose monetary policy, could cause the Japanese debt crisis, the asia-pacific economic impact.At the same time, a series of free trade in the asia-pacific region construction if deviation win-win orbit, will, in turn, inhibition of regional economic growth potential.In addition, regional security situation faced by the unstable factors also can give economic growth risks.International observation ": the opportunity in where?All MengJun: from the overall look, the asia-pacific economic opportunity is still greater than the challenge, the key lies in cooperation, mutual benefit and win-win, expand trade on the basis of equality, to speed up the integration process.The United States, Europe, Russia and other economies in the platform, it is no problem, but the point is that they must be tied to the common development in the asia-pacific region, to bring capital, project and technology, rather than output weapons and for the interests.International observation ": finally, you to the asia-pacific countries and people have any New Year resolutions?All MengJun: unity is strength, cooperation, mutual benefit and win-win to promote development.The asia-pacific countries should not only mutual confluence, again want to face the world, and all is helpful for the development of the asia-pacific countries and areas equal cooperation, build peace, stability, prosperity and good new asia-pacific, new world.(source: xinhua international)